Coyotes are one of the most populous predators to any farmer or field owner. If you’ve ever hunted them before, you know that they’re cunning and able to outwit the most common hunting tactics perfect for other game such as deer, elk, rabbits and even some species of bear.
In order to hunt coyotes at night and really be successful in both eliminating the number of coyotes that diminish your crops and add some fun and thrill to your life, you’ll want to really understand the step-by-step process.
Successfully hunting coyotes is not only a testament to your skill, patience and luck, it’s also an adventure because you’re hunting a cunning, extremely intelligent predator. So put on your camouflage, your boots and your gun and let’s get ready to hunt coyote’s at night!
Where Is The Wind?
You’ll first want to know where the wind is coming from. You can hear the coyotes calling and howling at night, right? You want to be downwind from them. Coyotes are clever and if they get a whiff of you they’ll get farther away and it will be more difficult to track them down.
- Be sure to stand downwind from the predators so as the wind blows, your scent is not carried to the coyotes.
- Hunting coyotes is a game of patience. The more patient you are, the greater the chances you have of killing a coyote or two at night.
One of the ways that you can really optimize your success rate is if you find a place to sit down. Wait there for 30 minutes. Some hunters wait up to 45 minutes.
- Listen to your surroundings and determine where the coyote are
Coyotes travel in packs and often times there is an alpha female with babies in the pack. These babies make yelps, whines and squeals and that is what you’ll be listening for.
Any time you hear the pups, you know the pack is close to them for protection.
- Go downwind from the coyotes and make sure the wind doesn’t blow towards you before it hits the pack of coyotes a ways down from where you are sitting.
This way, the pack of coyotes won’t pick up your scent and they will not be alerted of your presence in the vicinity.
Shhhhhhh!!! Be Quiet!
When hunting coyotes, you’ll want to be extremely quiet. You may have heard about making calls, or buying an electric calling device. We’ll get to that later on in another step. You want to make sure that you are being completely silent. Understand the gun that you have with you and how you’re carrying it.
- Does the firearm strap to your body securely or does it dangle and brush through the grass?
- Are you wearing a backpack or do you have a heavy hunting case with you that have loud zippers?
- How about jingling car keys?
- Make sure that you are able to walk soundlessly. The reason is because the predator you’re hunting has incredibly impeccable hearing.
If coyotes hear you at all, you will have a much harder time hunting them, especially at night. You could even say that coyotes are typically much smarter than the hunter who is hunting them.
So take a look at all the accessories you have with you and make sure that everything is securely fastened to you and not making any sound.
Now as far as the vehicle in which you may be traveling to the hunting site, you’ll want to make sure that you park far away from the coyotes.
Coyotes will scurry if they hear a car door slam shut or tires driving up in the gravel or dirt path. Tires crushing rocks and dirt aren’t natural sounds of other animals in the habitat of coyotes. They’ll know that something’s up when they hear a car driving up or a car door slamming shut.
You may want to plan a calling location with any partners with whom you’re hunting. This ensures that everyone is silent until they reach the designated area that you’ve all agreed upon to be the location where you begin your calls.
If any speaking is necessary, do make sure that your hunting partners are whispers in very low, quiet voices so as not to alert nearby coyotes or prey to which the coyotes pay close attention.
Get Higher Than Your Target
If you’re using an electric caller, make sure to place it below the location from which you plan to aim and fire at your target. This is what coyote hunting experts swear by as the best tactic. The coyotes will be drawn downward from you as they explore and investigate the call, which is placed below your location.
As their eyes are cast downward, you’ll be able to aim and shoot them from above and they will make for a much easier target for you. Another way you can think of it is shooting steeper down from your target almost below your intended target point.
This is because the kickback on most rifles and shotguns make for a higher point of entry than what you originally aimed for. Always aim a little bit lower just to compensate for that higher shot.
- Make sure you have plenty of practice before shooting coyotes at night
- Get higher, get on a hill, lie down or stoop lower.
- Shoot steep shots and narrow shots.
- Make sure that you’re really ready for shooting coyotes by aiming at what you may see moving.
- Some seasoned hunters suggest rolling a tire down a road and shooting at that. Once you can hit that tire (or several tires that are rolling at the same time) with every shot fired, you’re definitely ready to shoot coyotes come nightfall!
It can be really difficult because coyotes can see better than we can in the dark. In order to practice effectively, try shooting from every angle to which you have access.
Coyote-Calling:Tips & Tricks
Finally we’ve reached one of the best and more important aspects of hunting coyotes at night! Calls are used to lure the coyotes to your location. This way, you can choose a spot to perch or sit and the predators will come to you.
One of the most traditional calls that you’ll start with is the prey-distress call. It’s called this because that’s exactly what it is: An animal that is in distress or has been hurt will often emit a frightened, whimpering cry that is heard for a long distance.
Coyotes are predators that will eat nearly any animal. A distress call can come from a rabbit, a duck or goose or even a deer. Any electric caller can make the sounds of an animal in distress.
One of the greatest benefits of using an electric caller is that you’ll be able to focus completely on what you’re doing, what your position is, and where you’re aiming. Many times if you are creating the calls yourself, you may lose focus on your stance and poise. After you make your call, you’ll want to wait at least an hour to make sure you don’t miss the coyotes.
- Expect the unexpected.
This means that coyotes will sometimes run to the site of the call and you can see them quickly and adjust your aim. However, coyotes are very cautious and they may take anywhere from thirty minutes to over an hour to investigate your call site. They’ll stay perfectly hidden as they do so.
- So again, do not leave your call location too soon.
- Make sure to stick around and stay quiet.
Focus on any sounds around you. Another common and very effective call is called ‘nonaggressive vocalizations’. Now, why are they called that, you ask? Alpha and beta female coyotes run to the sound of baby coyotes whining, yelping or crying. They are maternal animals and intend to find and nurture the pup in peril.
Not only is this a trigger for the coyotes, but also small nonaggressive sounds can kick into gear the coyote’s territorial instincts or even make the coyotes more protective over their young. They may also think the call is coming from a different animal species entirely, which means they’ll be interested in eating it.
You can do these coyote calls easily with your mouth. Just make sure to control pitch and volume and slowly vary both. The best part about using your mouth rather than an electric caller is that you’re able to actually control how high your voice is, and how low the voice can go.
Before you switch calls, for instance, from a distress call to a nonaggressive call, make sure to raise the volume on your first call. You don’t want to switch too quickly either. Make sure that you change geographic locations if you’re going to switch calls that you’ve used for less than fifteen minutes.
- You can even use a certain smell or moving object to lure coyotes over to your call location. Think about the scent of duck, deer, or rabbit and come up with creative ideas to replicate an animal rustling in the bushes.
In conclusion, you’ll want to follow these steps to kill these extremely intelligent predators. You’ve heard that they’re smart and you’ve heard that they’re cunning, but you can be outwit them by following these simple steps. Remember that one of the most important underlying necessities of hunting coyotes at night is having fun.
Did you enjoy this tutorial? Comment below your experiences with hunting coyotes and let us know what calls you have used and any advice we may not have mentioned in these steps! Share your experiences about hunting coyotes at night. We want to hear from you!